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Understanding Common Female Urology Problems and Their Treatments

Asian Institute of Nephrology and Urology | September 15, 2023

The impact of stress on kidney

The Top 5 Most Common Female Urology Problems and Their Treatments

Many women experience urological problems and diseases, but very few seek proper medical assistance. Simply put, urology is a domain of health pertaining to the problems of the urinary tract system. It encompasses organs such as the ureter, urethra, kidneys, bladder, and reproductive organs.

Indeed, a taboo surrounds female urological conditions, but having an open conversation about the same and getting the facts right are the first few things one can do to bring about the necessary changes. In addition, the fact that the ratio of female doctors and female urology specialists in the relevant departments of hospitals is very low also inhibits women from seeking timely care.

In this blog, we will attempt to break the taboo engulfing female urology problems and distinguish facts from fiction.

1. Postpartum Urinary Incontinence (UI)

Stress is part of life. However, excessive stress can contribute to poor health, increase our blood pressure, and even damage the kidneys. The prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) has proliferated in the past two decades. The rising rate of CKD has been attributed to comorbidities such as Diabetes, Hypertension, and obesity. But recent research has begun to acknowledge and explore the implications of social, economic, and psychological factors on CKD. In this blog, we will explore the impact of stress on kidney function and gauge ways to manage it.

Treatment: Multiple non-invasive physical and behavioral therapies, such as pelvic floor therapy, and even medications are available to tackle the issue. In extreme cases, surgery is also an option.

2. Urinary Tract Infection

Alternately known as UTI, Urinary Tract Infection is a female urology problem that occurs due to the accumulation of bacteria in the urinary tract or urinary organs, such as the bladder. The bacteria cause infections that lead to disruptions in routines, culminating in the symptoms of the disease. Several factors can contribute to UTs, such as constipation, exposure to unhygienic surroundings like using a public toilet, improper intake of fluid, and more.

If left untreated, UTIs can reach chronic levels. Some of the common symptoms of UTI include:

  • Unusual smell in the urine
  • Difficulty urinating
  • Trouble starting and stopping urination
  • Burning sensation during urination

Treatment: Multiple female urology procedures are available to deal with the problem. Mostly, antibiotics are prescribed by urologists for women to deal with the problem.

3. Overactive Bladder

The third most common urology problem affecting women is an overactive bladder (OAB). The term ‘overactive bladder’ is often used to describe a series of urological symptoms. Simply put, OAB is a sudden and uncontrollable urge to urinate. It can also manifest as a frequent urge to urinate. The condition is unique to every woman, and its effects are premised on various factors, such as pregnancy, UTI, postpartum, and more.

Treatment: Usually, an overactive bladder is treatable with lifestyle changes, such as reducing alcohol or caffeine intake. However, in severe situations, it is best to consult a trusted female urologist in Hyderabad.

4. Pelvic Issues

The fourth female urology condition on our list pertains to the pelvis. To begin with, the pelvic muscles are integral elements that support the vagina, bladder, and rectum. They are bowl-shaped groups of muscles found in the lower body. After childbirth, the pelvic muscles may begin to experience some problems in their usual functioning. Symptoms of pelvic issues include:

  • Pain during intercourse
  • Pain in the lower back and thighs
  • Dripping at the end of urination
  • Swelling in your hands, legs, or feet

Treatment: Pelvic floor therapies can help mitigate the issue.

5. Prolapsed Vagina

Last but not least, a prolapsed vagina is a common urology problem among women. It is a condition that occurs postpartum. During childbirth, the walls and muscles of a woman’s vagina stretch, causing the muscles to grow thin. The thinning remains for prolonged periods, owing to insufficient relaxation of the pelvic and vaginal areas.

Due to weak vaginal muscles, the organs can get displaced, resulting in the bulging or swelling of the vagina. The swelling can cause discomfort when sitting or standing. Besides, intercourse also feels painful.

Treatment: Mild cases of prolapsed vagina can be reprimanded with kegel exercises.

So, there we have it: a crisp overview of the top 5 most common female urology problems.


1. What does a urologist do for females?

Ans. A urologist is a specialist who provides diagnosis and treatment for diseases and conditions related to the urinary tract system in both males and females. While traditionally urologists have been associated with treating male-specific conditions, such as prostate problems and reproductive issues, they also play an important role in the healthcare of women.

2. How does a urologist check a woman's bladder?

Ans. A urologist checks a woman’s bladder using a small instrument known as the cystoscope.

3. Can I see a urologist during my period?

Ans. Yes, you can see a urologist during your period.

4. What is Urogynecology vs. Urology?

Urology is a more generic field of medicine and deals with men, women, and children. Urogynecology, on the other hand, pertains to matters of the woman’s pelvic floor.

5. What causes urology problems?

Many reasons can cause urology problems among women, such as UTIs, kidney infections, symptoms of bladder stones in females, polycystic renal diseases, and more.